主讲人：爱丁堡大学 Henry S. Thompson教授
题目(Title): URIs in data: An ideology-free analysis
Does a URI always identify the document you can retrieve from it, or does it sometimes identify what that document is _about_? This question has assumed greater significance as Big Data and Linked Data publish more and more URIs in _data_ intended for automatic processing (as opposed to the now old-fashioned situation where humans put URIs in web-pages as links for other humans to click on). Agreement has been hard to come by on exactly how to understand how URIs in data: what do they mean? How should they be processed? As no consensus seems likely to emerge, this talk proposes instead to improve interoperability by standardizing meta-documentation, without taking a position on any of the underlying debates about standards or terminology.
Henry S. Thompson divides his time between the School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh, where he is Professor of Web Informatics, based in the Institute for Language, Cognition and Computation, and independent consulting on XML- and web-related business strategy.
He received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of California at Berkeley in 1980. His university education was divided between Linguistics and Computer Science, in which he holds an M.Sc. While still at Berkeley he was affiliated with the Natural Language Research Group at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, where he participated in the GUS and KRL projects. His research interests have ranged widely, including natural language parsing, speech recognition, machine translation evaluation, modelling human lexical access mechanisms, the fine structure of human-human dialogue, language resource creation and architectures for linguistic annotation. His current research is focussed on the semantics of markup, XML pipelines and more generally understanding and articulating the architectures of the Web.
He was a member of the SGML Working Group of the World Wide Web Consortium which designed XML, a major contributor to the core concepts of XSLT and W3C XML Schema and is currently a member of the XML Core and XML Processing Model Working Groups of the W3C. He was elected five times to the W3C TAG (Technical Architecture Group), from which he recently stepped down. He was lead editor of the Structures part of the XML Schema W3C Recommendation, for which he co-wrote the first publicly available implementation, XSV. From 2002 through 2010 he was a member of the technical staff of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), where he worked in the XML Activity. He has presented many lectures, papers and tutorials on SGML, DSSSL, XML,XSLT, XML Schema, XML Pipelines and Web Architecture in both industrial and public settings over the last sixteen years.